How to Install Reverse Osmosis
If you're looking to install an under-counter Reverse Osmosis drinking water filtration system, we take you through the process step by step so there will be no surprises. A DIY reverse osmosis system installation can save you a bundle.
Install Reverse Osmosis Under Sink
Before you get started, make sure you have these items ready:
- Reverse Osmosis System
- RO storage tank
- Faucet and Installation Kit
Tools Needed to Install a Reverse Osmosis Drinking Water System:
- Wrenches Sizes 7/16”, 9/16”, ½” & 5/8”
- Phillips Screw Driver- Drill With 3/8” Chuck
- Drill Bits Sizes ¼” or 1 1/8” For Air Gap faucet
DIY Reverse Osmosis Install Instructions
PLEASE READ AND BECOME FAMILIAR WITH ALL INSTRUCTIONS AND PARTS BEFORE STARTING THE RO INSTALLATION PROCESS
Step 1. Installation Location
Before you get started, clean out under the sink and make sure there is ample space to install the RO system. Locate the “cold” water shut off valve and sink drainpipe.
Step 2. Close the Cold Water Valve
Shut off the “cold” water supply under the sink or the location where the system will be installed. If the existing “cold” water valve is inoperable, the water supply to the house must be shut off. Once the water is shut off, relieve the line pressure by turning on the cold water faucet.
Step 3. Connect To Cold Water Line
There are several options when connecting the reverse osmosis unit to the cold-water source. They are:
A. Saddle valve (Standard) – Assemble saddle valve clamp on the “cold” water line. Turn the pipe clamp adjustment plate to fit the contour of the pipe. (Small radius for 3/8” pipe, larger radius for 7/16” through 5/8” pipe). Tighten bolt so saddle valve is firmly attached to feed water pipe (be careful not to over tighten).
B. Ez adapter. (Optional) : Use some Teflon tape to prevent leaks. Assemble 90 degree needle valve into the feed adapter.
For "Flex line" installation: Disconnect the flex line at the sink and install the feed adapter. Reconnect the flex line to the adapter.
For "Solid line" installation: Disconnect the line at the sink cut off approximately ¾” off the line. Install the feed adapter and reconnect line to the feed adapter.
Step 4. Drain Line Connection: NOTE: If the drain line pipe is corroded, we strongly suggest replacing it.
At a point approximately six inches above the trap, drill a 5/16” diameter bole through one wall of the pipe. Next, attach the drain clamp; making sure that the hole in the clamp is aligned with the hole in the pipe. Use a punch or drill bit to align the holes while tightening the clamp. Be careful not to over tighten the clamp.
Step 5. Install Faucet:
The faucet must be positioned with aesthetics, function and convenience in mind. An ample flat area is required for the faucet base, so the base nut can be properly tightened. Conditions may exists which eliminate the need to drill a hole in the sink.
5a. If a hole previously installed in the sink, covered by a chrome plate cover, then simply remove the cover and mount the faucet.
5b. If a spray hose that may not be functioning or needed. Remove the spray hose and plug the outlet under the main faucet. If the sprayer uses a diverter at the base of the spout remove it, as the sprayer diverter may pop up and shut the water off to the main faucet.
5c. If space is not available on the upper sink area, the faucet can be located in the counter top close to the edge of the sink. Be careful to watch for obstructions below the counter such as drawers, cabinet walls, support braces etc.. If the counter top is ceramic tile the method for drilling the faucet hole is the same as for drilling a porcelain sink.
5d. The drilling process although not complicated, requires a certain amount of caution and preparation. Porcelain enameled sinks can be chipped if care is not exercised when drilling the hole for the faucet assembly. There are several ways of drilling the holes in to porcelain sinks without chipping; we have found these two methods work very well.
D.1 Using a carbide grinding wheel, grind away the porcelain where the ¼” diameter hole is to be drilled. Drill a ¼” diameter hole through the metal. This method results in a very clean and smooth hole.
D.2 Using a heavy duty variable speed drill and a carbide tip drill bit, carefully drill a ¼” diameter hole through the porcelain and metal sink.
5e. For stainless steel sinks, drill a ¼” diameter hole. Lightly file the edge of the hole to make sure it is smooth and free of any burrs. Caution: Do not allow metal chips to remain on the porcelain surface of the sink for any length of time, the metal chips will stain the sink and be very difficult to remove.
Once the hole has been drilled in the sink, the faucet stem may be inserted in the hole. Be sure the faucet body, faucet base and the rubber faucet base washer are in place above the sink.
Install the star lock washer and nut on the faucet stem under the sink and tighten firmly while aligning faucet in the desired direction. Once the faucet is installed, attach the ¼” tubing on to the bottom of the faucet stem and tighten.
Note: Some states require the use of an air gap faucet. To assure compliance check you local plumbing code. Locate the drain connection away from the garbage disposal to prevent potential contamination and system fouling.
You might also refer to our RO Troubleshooting Guide to answer common RO issues including slow water flow, noisy drain or faucet, and more. Our suggestions on what to know before purchasing a reverse osmosis system might also prove helpful.
Hire a Plumber for RO Installation
Know your limitations. If you're worried you don't have the right tools, background knowledge, or time to install the reverse osmosis system, we recommend hiring a local plumber. You can save a lot of money by purchasing the Reverse Osmosis System online, and then hiring a plumber to do the install. Many of our customers go this route.
Four Recommendations When Hiring a Local Plumber to Install Reverse Osmosis System
If you don't already have a plumber whom you know and trust, check out local plumber reviews on the internet. Popular review sites include:
- Angie's List
- Better Business Bureau
- Google Reviews can be found by signing into Google and opening Google Maps. Search for "plumber" to see reviews and star ratings for plumbers near you.
Once you've identified a few reputable plumbers in your area, make phone calls and ask questions.
- Tell them you have already purchased an RO system and are simply looking to have it installed.
- Ask if they're familiar with RO installations.
- Ask if you can pay them their hourly rate to install a system.
- Ask how much time a typical RO installation takes.
- Ask for references.
Still Have Questions about Installing a Reverse Osmosis System?
If you have additional questions, our team of water experts are always happy to take your calls Monday through Friday, 8 am to 5 pm. That's one of the perks of purchasing from us! When you call in, we will first pull up your order and verify the system is purchased from ESP Water Products. That way, we will know exactly what system you're working with and can best help you. For example, do you know if you want an "air gap" or "non-air-gap" system?
Unfortunately, due to time constraints we cannot provide installation or troubleshooting help for systems not purchased through our website. We recommend you call the company or store where you purchased your system.