How to Remove Bacteria from Drinking Water
How to Remove Coliform and Other Bacteria from Your Water
Waterborne bacteria and other living microorganisms have the potential to make us very sick. 19 million households in the U.S. rely on private well water. The quality of well water can vary from day to day. Studies show that 40% of wells have coliform bacteria present at any given time, not to mention the other living microorganisms that may be in a water supply.
Those on private well water should frequently test their well water to ensure illness-causing microbes are not present. If our well test positive for coliform, you can take steps to remove the bacteria.
There are 2 ways to Get Bacteria Out of Water:
1. Shock the well with chemicals such as chlorine or bleach.
2. Install a UV water disinfection system. Water is exposed to UV light, thereby killing 99.99% of viruses and 99.9999% of bacteria.
What Bacteria is Found in Water?
Different types of bacteria can live in water. The problem is that you cannot smell, taste or see bacteria in water. Bacteria cannot be detected without performing a water test.
Waterborne Microbes Include:
Bacteria: Salmonella, Iron bacteria, Shigella, Vibrio, Coliform bacteria including E.coli
Viruses: Rotavirus, Hepatitis A & E, Astrovirus, Poliovirus
Protozoans: Giardia, Cryptosporidium, and Entamoeba
The above is NOT a comprehensive list of waterborne microbes. Most of the above-mentioned microbes are commonly associated with gastroenteritis resulting in diarrhea, vomiting, fever, and abdominal cramping.
What is Coliform Bacteria in Well Water?
If your well tests positive for coliform bacteria, it may signal that disease-causing organisms (pathogens) could be in the water. Specifically, the presence of some coliform bacteria indicates that fecal matter or sewage waste may be present. We highly recommend a UV water sterilizer to protect your household from coliform and other bacteria. UV light water filter systems work 24/7 and are a safe, economical, chemical-free way to treat well water. Learn more about UV water filtration here.
Total Coliforms, Fecal Coliforms, and E. Coli
For an indication of the bacterial contamination conditions of your water supply, a total coliform bacteria test should be conducted. Testing is the only reliable way to know if your water is safe. Those on wells should test for coliform at least once per year and late spring or early summer is the best time to test. If a test comes back positive for bacteria, you should treat (by chemical shocking or UV water sterilizer) and test again.
- Total coliforms include bacteria found in water, soil and in human or animal waste.
- Fecal coliforms are the group of total coliforms found specifically in the gut and feces of warm-blooded animals. Testing for fecal coliforms is considered a more accurate indication of human or animal waste than total coliforms test.
- E. coli is the main species of fecal coliform group and is considered to be the coliform species bacteria that best indicates presence of fecal pollution and the possible pathogens.
For well water applications, we recommend the VIQUA IHS22-D4. This system comes with the VIQUA PROMISE: Whether you choose a point-of-entry or a point-of-use system, your VIQUA UV system will disinfect against microbiological contaminants, providing you and your family with treated drinking water.
Dangers of Illness-Causing Microbes in Water
The following are some pathogens or organisms that could be present in your water:
- Viruses that cause hepatitis or polio
- Protozoa that cause dysentery
- Bacteria that cause vomiting and diarrhea
Should I Worry About Bacteria if I Get My Water from the City?
Most municipal water suppliers treat bacteria using chlorine and/or UV light. Yes some households on "city water" still choose to install a water disinfection system to provide a final barrier of protection for their family. When water pressure drops from a water main breaks or electrical power is lost at the water treatment plant, standard water treatment methods can fail. The city or municipal supplier issues a boil water advisory to all customers. Those who have installed a UV water disinfection system do not need to boil their water.
Can Reverse Osmosis Remove Bacteria in Water?
Reverse Osmosis technology is not designed to remove bacteria, as membrane deterioration can occur due to these living organisms. Bacteria removal is best achieved with a UV water sterilizer system. We highly recommend pairing a whole-house UV water sterilizer system (installed at your home's water point of entry), with a Reverse Osmosis drinking water system installed under the kitchen sink